Saffron is a plant from the genus Lily that is used as a spice in cooking. Crimson stigma and cream, saffron flower color are collected and after drying, it is used for seasoning and coloring foods. It should be noted that saffron is known as the most expensive spice in the world in terms of weight.Saffron is called "spice of the sun" and its compounds include "crocin", a factor in the power of color, "picrocin", a factor in the power of taste, and "safranal", a factor in the power of fragrance.
Saffron has an euphoric effect and today some European pharmaceutical companies use it as an antidepressant integrator; Campferol in saffron flower petals also has benefits such as reducing inflammation, anti-cancer properties and antidepressant activity. Other properties of this plant include reducing pain, preventing hair loss, improving respiratory health, improving heart health, improving mental health, improving skin health, strengthening the digestive system and increasing intelligence.